Foreign Languages and Literatures

Chair: Mary L. Zampini
Associate Professor(s): Josefa Alvarez, James H. Dahlinger, Orlando Ocampo, Elena Rodriguez-Guridi
Professor Emeritus: Mirielle Goodisman, John McMahon, Raquel Romeu, Anthony Vetrano
Professor(s) of Practice: Deborah H. Cromley
Adjunct(s): Miryam Bar, Consuelo Endrigo-Williams , Man Jia, Ellen Kotzin, Eva Phillips, Marie Martine Shannon, Gilda Sisera


Foreign language studies at Le Moyne aim to acquaint students with a language, culture and civilization different from their own. The department of foreign languages and literatures offers majors in French and Spanish (31 credit hours above the intermediate level). Students will fulfill 12 of these credit hours during their study abroad program. As part of their program of study, Spanish and French majors are required to spend a semester abroad. Summer programs should include two sessions. Whenever possible, students are required to live with a host family. Exceptions will be dealt with on an individual basis. Arrangements for credit for such study are made in advance in consultation with the department chair.

As part of their program of study, Spanish and French majors are required to take the Oral Proficiency Interview, a linguistic competence test developed by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, and reach the advanced low level, or retake it. Students need to register for SPN 400 or FRN 400 Oral Proficiency Preparation.

It is strongly recommended by the department that foreign language majors who plan to attend graduate school begin the study of a second foreign language as early as possible.

The French or Spanish major who plans to teach can qualify for certification in New York state through the successful completion of the approved professional education program offered by the College’s department of education.

Five-Year B.A./M.S.T. Program in Spanish and Education

In conjunction with the Department of Education, a five-year Spanish Bachelor of Arts /Masters of Science for Teachers Program in Spanish and Adolescent Education is available. Consult with the department chair for more information.

The department also offers a two- or three-year sequence of Arabic, Chinese, German, Japanese, Italian and Latin courses for students who require or desire college language credit.

French or Spanish majors who wish to qualify for New York state provisional certification in secondary education

In order to be eligible for the supervised preservice teaching administered by the Le Moyne College Department of Education, the student must, except under extraordinary circumstances, present a minimum G.P.A. of 3.0 in all courses taken in the language specialty. No later than the fall of senior year, prospective teachers of foreign languages are required to take an oral proficiency examination.

French or Spanish Major

Core RequirementsHours
COR 100 First Year Seminar3
WRT 101 Critical Writing3
PHL 110 Introduction to Philosophy3
HST 110 - HST 111 World Civilization6
ENG 210 Major Authors3
PHL 210 Moral Philosophy3
Theology3
EAC Encountering Another Culture/Language6
ENG 310 Literature and Culture3
Mathematics*3
Social Science*3
Natural Science*3
IDS Interdisciplinary Studies*3
Religion3
COR 400 Transformations3
Visual & Performing Arts*1
Diversity*0

* NOTE: Some Core requirements may be fulfilled by major requirements. See core section for more information. Because there have been substantial changes to the core curriculum, the above requirements may not apply to all students; for students who entered Le Moyne College prior to Fall 2013, be sure to consult with your advisor for appropriate course selection(s).

French Major

Major RequirementsHours
Electives in French beyond the intermediate level 12
FLL 302 Introduction to Language and Linguistics *3
FRN 301 Advanced French Conversation 3
FRN 302 Advanced French Gram & Comp *3
FRN 330 French Civilization *3
Oral Proficiency Preparation 1
Two literature courses at 300-level or higher 6
Major SupportHours
CMM 201 Fundamentals of Speech 3
Free Electives 39

* These and other advanced courses are not offered every year. A major program sequence should be planned in consultation with the student’s faculty advisor and the department chair.

Spanish Major

Major RequirementsHours
Electives in Spanish beyone the intermediate level 12
FLL 302 Introduction to Language and Linguistics *3
Oral Proficiency Preparation 1
SPN 301 Advanced Conversation 3
SPN 302 Advanced Composition 3
SPN 311 Spanish Civilization or SPN 312 Spanish-American Civilization*3
Two literature courses at 300-level or higher 6
Major SupportHours
CMM 201 Fundamentals of Speech 3
Free Electives 39

* These and other advanced courses are not offered every year. A major program sequence should be planned in consultation with the student’s faculty advisor and the department chair.

Typical Program for French or Spanish Major

First SemesterHoursSecond SemesterHours
Freshman Year
WRT 1013 MTH3
HST 1103 HST 1113
COR 1003 PHL 1103
FRN/SPN 200-level (1)3 FRN/SPN 200-level (1)3
Elective3 Elective3
Sophomore Year
Natural Science3 PHL 210/REL 2003
ENG 2103 VPA3
PHL 210/REL 2003 FRN/SPN 3023
FRN/SPN 3013 Elective3
Elective3 Theology3
Elective3
Junior Year
Study Abroad Semester ENG 3103
FRN/SPN course (civilization)3 IDS3
FRN/SPN course (literature)3 FLL 3023
FRN/SPN course(literature)3 SPN 4001
Elective3 CMM 2013
Elective3
Senior Year
PHL/REL3 FRN/SPN Elective3
COR 400A3 Elective3
FRN/SPN Elective3 Elective3
Elective3 Elective3
Elective3 Elective3

Classical Humanities

A minor in classical Humanities consists of 15 credit hours. It is offered to students who complete 6 semester hours in the same Classical language (Greek or Latin) at any level and 9 semester hours in classics courses at the 200-level, including Classical Mythology (CLS 203), Classical Literature in Translation (CLS 204), Women and Literature in Ancient Greece (CLS 205), the Roman history sequence (CLS 211, 212) and Greek and Roman Comedy (CLS 215).

French and Spanish Language & Literature

The department also affords students majoring in other disciplines the opportunity to pursue a minor concentration in French or Spanish by successfully completing 15 credit hours in the same language beyond intermediate level. These 15 credit hours must include at least two courses at the 300- or higher level. The pass/fail option may not be used to fulfill requirements for a minor.

Latin

A Latin minor is offered to students who complete 12 semester hours of the language, but Elementary Latin (LAT 101-102) cannot count toward the Latin minor. The pass/fail option may not be used to fulfill requirements for a minor.

Italian

An Italian minor is offered to students who complete 12 credit hours beyond Intermediate Italian. These 12 credit hours must include at least two courses at the 300-level. The pass/fail option may not be used to fulfill requirements for a minor.

Courses


ARA 101 . Elementary Arabic I (4).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Arabic. Students will learn to communicate in spoken and written Arabic and will study the cultural contexts in which it is used.

ARA 102 . Elementary Arabic II (4).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Arabic. Students will learn to communicate in spoken and written Arabic and will study the cultural contexts in which it is used.

ARA 103 . Intermediate Arabic I (4).

This course is designed for students who have a complete command of the Arabic alphabet and sound system and can already communicate in simple social situations. The course is designed to bring the student to the point of communicating in several well defined social situations and contexts. The root and pattern system of Arabic grammar and complex sentence structure are studied using vocabulary, complex texts, and translation exercises.

ARA 104 . Intermediate Arabic II (4).

This course is designed for students who have a complete command of the Arabic alphabet and sound system and can already communicate in simple social situations. The course is designed to bring the student to the point of communicating in several well defined social situations and contexts. The root and pattern system of Arabic grammar and complex sentence structure are studied using vocabulary, complex texts, and translation exercises.

ARA 201 . Arabic Conversation (4).

This is a course to improve communication skills and emphasize pronunciation, intonation, expression and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines, and current writings of significant authors.

ARA 202 . Arabic Conversation II (3).

This course will help students expand vocabulary, improve discourse skills, and strengthen writing skills in Arabic. Through class readings, assignments, and discussion, students will also deepen their knowledge of Arabic culture and examine Arabic cultural idiomatic expressions.

CHN 101 . Elementary Chinese I (3).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Mandarin Chinese. Students will learn to communicate in spoken and written Mandarin Chinese and will study the cultural contexts in which it is used.

CHN 102 . Elementary Chinese II (3).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Mandarin Chinese. Students will learn to communicate in spoken and written Mandarin Chinese and will study the cultural contexts in which it is used.

CHN 103 . Intermediate Chinese I (3).

The course will emphasize increased proficiency in Chinese conversation with special emphasis on speech styles and levels. Students will learn to function linguistically in a wide variety of practical situations. Reading of simple texts will begin as students practice between 300-400 basic kanji characters. Writing skills will be developed in short letters and compositions. Prerequisites: CHN 102 or permission from Instructor

CHN 104 . Intermediate Chinese II (3).

This course builds upon the skills acquired in CHN 103 and will expand students' knowledge of spoken and written Chinese. Through class discussions, assignments, and readings, students will converse on a variety of advanced topics, build a larger and more complex vocabulary, and examine current events and nuanced aspects of Chinese culture. In addition, students will improve written skills through a variety of writing tasks and formats.

CLS 101 . Building Eng Vocab frm Latin (3).

This course consists of a systematic study of the Latin elements in the English language. It is designed to provide the student with a comprehensive understanding of English vocabulary and usage, with techniques for analyzing unfamiliar words, and with an overview of the principles of linguistic change. A portion of the course is devoted to the history of the English language and to the proper use of the dictionary. No prior knowledge of Latin is needed.

CLS 203 (ENG 203). Classical Mythology (3).

No knowledge of Latin or Greek is required. The common repertory of myths from Greek and Roman sources is studied. Attention is also given to the influence of these myths in both ancient and later times, especially on literature and art. Prerequisites: WRT 101, and ENG 200, ENG 210 or ENG 218. Fulfills: Period (Pre 1789) requirement.

CLS 204 (ENG 204). Classical Literature in Translation (3).

Selected readings and discussions of important works from ancient literatures.

FLL 301 (PGS 300/ANT 300). Anthropological Linguistics (3).

An introduction to the science of linguistics, with an emphasis on the social and cultural aspects of language. Topics to be considered are: 1) language and human nature; 2) linguistic and non-linguistic forms of communication; 3) literate and oral cultures; 4) the basic components of language (phonology, morphology, syntax); 5) meaning in language and speech; 6) socio- linguistics (class, race, gender); and 7) the relationship between language and cultural knowledge systems, especially those of non-western cultures. The instructor will dram from linguistic and cultural materials that she has collected in Southeast Asia and elsewhere. We also read an in-depth study of the social and cultural contexts of language usage in a Muslim Bedouin society of North America.

FLL 302 . Introduction to Language and Linguistics (3).

This course will provide an introduction to language and linguistics as scientific fields of inquiry. The first half of the course will focus on the nature of language and linguistic knowledge through a descriptive alalysis of its individual components (phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax). The second half of the course will focus on language use (e.g., dialectal and social variation), language change (e.g., the evolution of French and Spanish from Latin), and language acquisition and foreign language teaching. Throughout the course, the role that linguistics plays in other fields and careers will be high- lighted. Linguistic data from a variety of languageswill be examined. Course will be taught in English.

FLL 390-399 . Independent Study (3).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and the goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair (program director) and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the dean’s office.

FLL 440-459 . Special Topics in Foreign Language and Culture (3).

A selection of courses to provide an opportunity for study of certain specific periods, themes, genres, authors, cultural or linguistic topics. Offered in accordance with current student and faculty interest.

FRN 101 . Elementary French I (3).

This course is intended for students who have no previous knowledge of French. The instruction is planned to enable students to read ordinary French prose, to understand simple spoken French and to begin developing a fairly correct pronunciation. Reading and oral drill constitute a large part of the work of this course. A careful study of the essentials of grammar and syntax is included with the reading. Acquisition of a basic vocabulary is of primary importance. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audiotaped material in Media Services, located in the library.

FRN 102 . Elementary French II (3).

This course is intended for students who have no previous knowledge of French. The instruction is planned to enable students to read ordinary French prose, to understand simple spoken French and to begin developing a fairly correct pronunciation. Reading and oral drill constitute a large part of the work of this course. A careful study of the essentials of grammar and syntax is included with the reading. Acquisition of a basic vocabulary is of primary importance. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audiotaped material in Media Services, located in the library.

FRN 103 . Intermediate French I (3).

This course includes a review of the essentials of grammar, further study of more complicated constructions, translation into French and the reading of moderately difficult modern prose and poetry. In Intermediate French, the accent is on reading, which consists chiefly of narrative texts or plays and simple poems. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: FRN 102 or two or three years of high-school French.

FRN 104 . Intermediate French II (3).

This course includes a review of the essentials of grammar, further study of more complicated constructions, translation into French and the reading of moderately difficult modern prose and poetry. In Intermediate French, the accent is on reading, which consists chiefly of narrative texts or plays and simple poems. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: FRN 102 or two or three years of high-school French.

FRN 105 . Commercial French (3).

For learners of French who would like an introduction to business in France and in Quebec. The course will deal with business vocabulary and custom in such areas as economic geography, government requirements for business, letter writing, transportation, insurance, accounting and labor relations. Prerequisite: students should have completed two years of college-level French or the equivalent, or permission of the instructor.

FRN 201 . Intermed Conver & Comp I (3).

Intended either as an alternate or a complement to French 203-204. Emphasis on pronunciation, intonation, correct expression and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, some compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Intended primarily for nonlanguage majors. Prerequisite: FRN 104 or three or four years of high-school French.

FRN 202 . Interm Conversation & Comp II (3).

Intended either as an alternate or a complement to French 203-204. Emphasis on pronunciation, intonation, correct expression and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, some compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Intended primarily for nonlanguage majors. Prerequisite: FRN 104 or three or four years of high-school French.

FRN 203 . Introduction to Literature I (3).

This course consists essentially of background lectures and the reading and discussion of edited selections from the masterpieces of representative modern French authors. Prerequisite: FRN 104 or three or four years of high-school French.

FRN 206 . French Through Film (3).

Nine feature films produced in France for the general public constitute the "texts" of this course. Although they are examples of modern film fiction, their settings include a variety of historical periods and geographical locations, providing broad insights into French culture. With its written and oral assignments based on the films viewed, the course is intended to develop analytical, listening, speaking and writing skills. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA) Prerequisite: FRN 104 or permission of the instructor.

FRN 301 . Advanced French Conversation (3).

Practice in oral French centering around topics of contemporary interest. Emphasis is placed on the development and improvement of functional language skills needed for face-to-face communication. French phonetics will be studied with the aim of improving pronunciation. Required for major. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or 204, or permission of the instructor.

FRN 302 . Advanced French Gram & Comp (3).

A detailed study of French grammar and usage, leading toward a mastery of the written language. Required for major. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or 204, or permission of the instructor.

FRN 306 . The Age of Kings (3).

The study of major French authors of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is complemented by an introduction to the cultural context of the period. Special attention is given to humanism, classicism, mannerism and the baroque aesthetic as they are represented in the literary, musical and visual arts. Prerequisite: any 200 level course.

FRN 307 . The Age of Revolution (3).

The study of major French authors of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is complemented by an introduction to the cultural context of the period. Special attention is given to the esprit critique, preromanticism, romanticism and the rococo aesthetic as they are represented in the literary, musical and visual arts. Prerequisite: any FRN 200 level course.

FRN 308 . The Age of Unrest (3).

A survey of 20th century French literature, which is continually exploring new directions. Emphasis is on the most successful results of experimentation in the various genres. Prerequisite: any FRN 200 level course.

FRN 310 (THR 310). Staging French Theater (3).

A course in French literature in which students experience performing plays in French, some of these in front of an audience. Plays and / or scene selections taken from the repertoire of the medieval, classical, eighteenth century and contemporary French theater. Students will analyze structure, style and themes. Works selected will be studied not simply as objects for performance but also for their literary merit. Class conducted in French. Theater students and others with the requisite skills in French are also invited to enroll in this course. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA) Prerequisites: Any FRN 200 level course.

FRN 320 . Francophone Lit Outside France (3).

New world and third-world Francophone literatures, offering insights into diverse cultures, will be studied primarily in representative authors from Africa and the Americas. Prerequisite: any FRN 200 level course. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV.

FRN 330 . French Civilization (3).

A study of French history and culture, emphasizing their influence on contemporary France and their contributions to Western civilization. Required for major. Prerequisites: FRN 202, 204, 301, or 302.

FRN 390 . Independent Study (1-9).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and the goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair (program director) and filed in the dean of arts and science's office.

FRN 400 . Oral Proficiency Preparation (1).

A one-credit course for the Oral Proficiency Interview that focuses on intensive speaking practice of the linguistic functions students must master to pass the OPI at the intermediate High level. It must be taken the semester immediately following their Study Abroad program. it may be taken as an Independent Study. Students who do not reach the advanced low level must retake the OPI at their own cost. Prerequisite: completion of study abroad requirement or permission from the department chair. Advanced low level equals B+; above this level equals A; below this level equals F.

FRN 404 . Perfectionnement Frn Conv-Comp (3).

Refinement of written and oral expression, especially the latter. Newspapers and literary texts will be utilized. Strongly recommended for all French majors. Prerequisite: FRN 301-302.

FRN 440 . Special Topics in French (3).

A selection of courses to provide an opportunity for study of certain specific periods, themes, genres, authors or linguistic topics. Offered in accordance with current student and faculty interest. Prerequisite: FRN 301-302 (formerly FRN 201-202).

GER 101 . Elementary German I (3).

For students who are beginning the study of German. This course comprises the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and composition, together with the reading of easy selections in prose and verse.

GER 102 . Elementary German II (3).

For students who are beginning the study of German. This course comprises the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and composition, together with the reading of easy selections in prose and verse.

GER 103 . Intermediate German I (3).

This course consists of a study of relevant sections of German literature, especially the novellas and/or a novel of the 20th century. The course serves as a bridge between audio-lingually and grammatically oriented prior work and more advanced literary readings. Prerequisite: GER 101-102 or two or three years of high-school German.

GER 104 . Intermediate German II (3).

This course consists of a study of relevant sections of German literature, especially the novellas and/or a novel of the 20th century. The course serves as a bridge between audio-lingually and grammatically oriented prior work and more advanced literary readings. Prerequisite: GER 101-102 or two or three years of high-school German.

GER 201 . Intermed Conver & Comp I (3).

Emphasis on pronunciation, intonation, correct expression, and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, some compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Prerequisite: GER 104 or 3 or 4 years of high school German.

GER 390 . Independent Study (3).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and the goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the academic dean's office. Credit and hours by arrangement.

GRK 101 . Elementary Classical Greek (3).

This course is designed for students who are beginning the study of Classical Greek, and it requires no previous language experience. Its purpose is to introduce the student to the essentials of the grammar, syntax, and vocabulary of Greek, and to provide students with the skills necessary for the reading and comprehension of prose works in Classical Greek. Portions of the course are devoted to the historical, social and cultural contexts in which Ancient Greek developed and flourished as a literary language.

HBR 101 . Elementary Classical Hebrew I (3).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Biblical Hebrew. This course includes the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and composition, together with the reading of easy prose selections from the Hebrew Bible. Offered according to student interest/need.

HBR 103 . Intermediate Classical Hebrew I (3).

This course is designed for those students who are continuing the study of Biblical Hebrew. It includes a review of the essentials of grammar, further study of more complicated constructions, and the reading of prose and poetry from various books of the Hebrew Scriptures. Prerequisites: HBR 101-102 or the equivalent. Offered according to student interest/need.

ITL 101 . Elementary Italian I (3).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Italian. This course includes the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and composition, together with the reading of easy selections in prose and verse. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

ITL 102 . Elementary Italian II (3).

This course is designed for those students who are beginning the study of Italian. This course includes the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and composition, together with the reading of easy selections in prose and verse. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

ITL 103 . Intermediate Italian I (3).

After a rapid review of the essentials of grammar, students are introduced to an appreciation of the various forms of literary expression in prose and verse. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: ITL 102 or two or three years of high-school Italian.

ITL 104 . Intermediate Italian II (3).

After a rapid review of the essentials of grammar, students are introduced to an appreciation of the various forms of literary expression in prose and verse. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: ITL 102 or two or three years of high-school Italian.

ITL 201 . Intermed Conver & Comp (3).

Emphasis on correct expression and vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Prerequisites: ITL 104, three or four years of high-school Italian or permission of the instructor.

ITL 202 . Interm Conversation and Comp (3).

Emphasis on correct expression and vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Prerequisites: ITL 104, three or four years of high-school Italian or permission of the instructor.

ITL 301 . Advanced Conversation (3).

Intensive practise in speaking Italian about topics of personal and contemporary interest. Emphasis is placed on the development of functional language skills needed for face-to-face communication. Additional emphasis on improving pronunciation.

ITL 302 . Advanced Composition (3).

Systematic and intensive practice of written Italian. Students write regularly on topics of personal and contemporary interest, and produce academic essays in Italian. Emphasis is placed on advanced grammatical and stylistic topics as they relate to well-written Italian. Prerequisites: Italian 202 or permission from instructor.

ITL 303 (CMM 303). Italian Culture and Cinema (3).

An encounter with Italian culture from World War II to the present, this course will trace the evolution of modern Italy through a representative selection of Italian literature and films by both male and female authors. The readings will be in English translation, while the films will be in Italian with English subtitles. (Texts will be available in Italian for language minors.) Prerequisites: WRT 101, ENG 200/218.

ITL 390 . Independent Study (1-3).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and the goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the dean of arts and sciences. It will be kept on file in the dean of arts and sciences' office. Credits and hours by arrangement.

JPN 101 . Elementary Japanese I (3).

This course is designed for students who are beginning the study of Japanese. The instruction is planned to enable students to read the Japanese syllaberies, to understand simple spoken Japanese and to begin developing correct pronunciation. Oral drills and memorization of sentence patterns constitute a large part of the work of this course. Acquisition of a basic vocabulary is of primary importance. Preliminary study of grammar and syntax is undertaken. Classroom audio-lingual practice will be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

JPN 102 . Elementary Japanese II (3).

This course is designed for students who are beginning the study of Japanese. The instruction is planned to enable students to read the Japanese syllaberies, to understand simple spoken Japanese and to begin developing correct pronunciation. Oral drills and memorization of sentence patterns constitute a large part of the work of this course. Acquisition of a basic vocabulary is of primary importance. Preliminary study of grammar and syntax is undertaken. Classroom audio-lingual practice will be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

JPN 103 . Intermediate Japanese I (3).

This course will emphasize increased proficiency in Japanese conversation with special emphasis on speech styles and levels. Students will learn how to function linguistically in a wide variety of practical situations. Reading of simple texts will begin as students learn up to 300-400 basic kanji (Chinese characters). Additional skills will be developed in composition writing and public speaking in Japanese. Students will be introduced to topics in intermediate to advanced grammar. Prerequisite: JPN 102 or the equivalent.

JPN 104 . Intermediate Japanese II (3).

This course will emphasize increased proficiency in Japanese conversation with special emphasis on speech styles and levels. Students will learn how to function linguistically in a wide variety of practical situations. Reading of simple texts will begin as students learn up to 300-400 basic kanji (Chinese characters). Additional skills will be developed in composition writing and public speaking in Japanese. Students will be introduced to topics in intermediate to advanced grammar. Prerequisite: JPN 102 or the equivalent.

JPN 201 . Intermed Comp & Conver I (3).

Third-year course designed to provide students with advanced conversational skill and intermediate skill in reading and writing Japanese. Topics in advanced grammar (clauses, conditional, passive, causative, additional speech levels) and expanded vocabulary study. Intensive study of 500 more kanji (Chinese characters) and reading of selected original materials. Training in use of Japanese dictionaries. Practice in Japanese composition and oral presentations. Prerequisite: JPN 104 or the equivalent.

JPN 202 . Interm Comp & Conversation II (3).

Third-year course designed to provide students with advanced conversational skill and intermediate skill in reading and writing Japanese. Topics in advanced grammar (clauses, conditional, passive, causative, additional speech levels) and expanded vocabulary study. Intensive study of 500 more kanji (Chinese characters) and reading of selected original materials. Training in use of Japanese dictionaries. Practice in Japanese composition and oral presentations. Prerequisite: JPN 104 or the equivalent.

LAT 101 . Elementary Latin I (3).

This course presumes no previous study of Latin. It endeavors to prepare the student for continuing the language at the college level.

LAT 102 . Elementary Latin II (3).

This course continues the study of Latin and builds upon the grammar and syntax already learned in LAT 101. Prerequisite: LAT 101 or the high school equivalent.

LAT 103 . Intermediate Latin I (3).

This course completes the study of grammar and syntax begun in LAT 101-102 and prepares the student for reading and understanding of unadapted Latin prose and verse. Prerequisite: LAT 102 or the high school equivalent.

LAT 104 . Intermediate Latin II (3).

The objective of this course is to introduce students to readings from a variety of less difficult Latin authors in order that they acquire a highter level of comprehension and reasonable speed in reading unadapted Latin. Prerequisite: LAT 103 or the high school equivalent.

LAT 203 . Intro to Latin Lit: Prose (3).

Designed as a general survey of the development of Latin prose and its historical and cultural backgrounds, this course introduces the student to selections from a number of representative authors, including Caesar, Cicero, Nepos, Livy and Pliny. The course also reviews the basic grammar and syntax of Latin prose and is suitable for students with four years of high school Latin. Prerequisite: LAT 103 or equivalent.

LAT 204 . Intro to Latin Lit:Poetry (3).

This course serves as an introduction to the reading and appreciation of Latin verse. Focusing primarily on epic and elegy, readings include selections from Vergil, Ovid, Tibullus, Propertius and Martial. The course introduces the student to the essentials of Latin meter and is suitable for students with four years of high school Latin. Prerequisite: LAT 103 or equivalent.

LAT 215 . Golden Age Prose (3).

Selected readings designed to introduce the student to the prose literature of typical Golden Age authors, including: Caesar, Cicero, Livy, and Sallust. In any given semester, authors and selections read will be based on student interest and program needs. Prerequisite: LAT 103 or equivalent.

LAT 216 . Silver Age Prose (3).

Selected readings designed to introduce the student to the prose literature of typical Silver Age authors, including Suetonius, Seneca, Petronius, Tacitus, and Pliny. In any given semester, authors and selections read will be based on student interest and program needs. Prerequisite: LAT 103 or equivalent.

LAT 390 . Independent Study (1-3).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the academic dean's office. Credit and hours by arrangement.

SPN 101 . Elementary Spanish I (3).

This course is designed for students who are beginning the study of Spanish. It includes the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and elementary composition, together with the reading of moderately difficult selections in Spanish prose. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

SPN 102 . Elementary Spanish II (3).

This course is designed for students who are beginning the study of Spanish. It includes the essentials of grammar, vocabulary building and elementary composition, together with the reading of moderately difficult selections in Spanish prose. Classroom audio-lingual practice can be supplemented by audio-taped material in Media Services, located in the library.

SPN 103 . Intermediate Spanish I (3).

Review and practice of basic grammatical structures. Emphasis on all four language skills. Introduction to selected Spanish readings. Classroom practice can be supplemented by taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: SPN 102 or two or three years of highschool Spanish.

SPN 104 . Intermediate Spanish II (3).

Review and practice of basic grammatical structures. Emphasis on all four language skills. Introduction to selected Spanish readings. Classroom practice can be supplemented by taped material in Media Services, located in the library. Prerequisite: SPN 103 or two or three years of highschool Spanish.

SPN 200 . Spanish for Native Speakers (3).

A Spanish course designed to address the needs of Hispanic students who speak and understand the language but may not have studied it formally. The course is intended to strengthen students' abilities to speak, read, write and translate Spanish, thus providing an extra skill in any fields in which the students may choose to specialize. Prerequisite: Open only to native speakers of Spanish with some knowledge of the language.

SPN 201 . Conversation and Composition I (3).

Intended as an alternate to SPN 203-204. Emphasis on pronunciation, intonation, correct expression and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Intended primarily for non-language majors. Prerequisite: SPN 104 or three or four years of high-school Spanish.

SPN 202 . Conversation and Composition II (3).

Intended as an alternate to SPN 203-204. Emphasis on pronunciation, intonation, correct expression and systematic vocabulary development. Audio-visual work, oral reports, compositions and class discussions based on readings from newspapers, magazines and current writings of significant authors. Intended primarily for non-language majors. Prerequisite: SPN 104 or three or four years of high-school Spanish.

SPN 203 . Introduction to Literature I (3).

Modern Spanish and Spanish-American readings in prose, poetry and drama. Discussion and written work focus on practice of the language (reinforcement of grammatical structures and broadening of vocabulary) and some basic principles of literary analysis. Prerequisite: SPN 104 or four years of high-school Spanish.

SPN 204 . Introduction to Literature II (3).

Modern Spanish and Spanish-American readings in prose, poetry and drama. Discussion and written work focus on practice of the language (reinforcement of grammatical structures and broadening of vocabulary) and some basic principles of literary analysis. Prerequisite: SPN 104 or four years of high-school Spanish.

SPN 210 . Spanish for Heritage Speakers (3).

Students will build up their vocabulary, writing and reading skills to succeed in higher level courses, and they will learn about the culture of Hispanic groups other than their own. Through contemporary media and texts, students will also learn how the varieties of Spanish spoken in the United States may differ from more "standard" varieties of Spanish. At the same time, the course will highlight the role of situational context and purpose in determining how speakers use language in order to reinforce the idea that, despite the difference from standard Spanish, the varieties of Spanish spoken in the United States have the same linguisitic richness, complexity, and validity as any other variety.

SPN 301 . Advanced Conversation (3).

Intensive practice in speaking Spanish about topics of personal and public interest. Emphasis is placed in the development and improvement of functional language skills needed for interpersonal communication and academic presentations. Required for majors. Not open to native speakers of Spanish.

SPN 302 . Advanced Composition (3).

Systematic and intensive practice of written Spanish. Students are required to produce both personal and narratives and academic essays with the appropriate degree of accuracy. Required for major.

SPN 303 . Survey of Spanish Literature I (3).

A survey course consisting of background lectures and readings of edited segments from the representative masterpieces of Spanish literature from the epic poem, Cantar de Mio Cid, to the 20th century. Prerequisite: SPN 301 or 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 311 . Spanish Civilization (3).

A study of the Spanish character and of Spain's contribution to world civilization through a tracing of its geographic, ethnic, social, political, economic and cultural characteristics. Readings in civilization, discussions and slide-lectures. Only Spanish is spoken in class. Prerequisite: SPN 204 or 302. Required for majors.

SPN 312 . Spanish-American Civilization (3).

The development of Spanish America through a study of its historical, social, political, economic and artistic institutions. Readings, discussions, oral and written reports and slide-lectures. Only Spanish is spoken in class. Prerequisite: SPN 204 or 302. Required for majors. Fulfills Core Requirement(s): DIV.

SPN 374 (THR 374). Lat Amer & Us Latino Theatre (3).

A study of major Latin American and U.S. Latino plays. Emphasis on dramatic literature in relation to performance and cultural contexts. Some production of scenes. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA) Prerequisite: SPN 104. Suggested prior course: SPN 201. Not open to Freshmen.

SPN 390 . Independent Study (1-9).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and the goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair (program director) and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the academic dean's office.

SPN 400 . Oral Proficiency Preparation (1).

A one-credit preparation course for the Oral Proficiency Interview that focuses on intensive speaking practice of the linguistic functions students must master to pass the OPI at the Intermediate High level. It must be taken the semester immediately following their Study Abroad program. it may be taken as an Independent Study. Students who do not reach the advanced low level must retake the OPI at their own cost. Prerequisite: completion of study abroad requirement or permission from the department chair. Advanced low level equals B+; above this level equals A; below this level equals F.

SPN 421 . 20th Cent Spanish Prose (3).

Readings and discussion of essays and fiction by the most prominent writers of the period. The course attempts to give the student insight into the character and thought of twentieth-century Spain that led to the devastating Spanish Civil War. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 422 . 20th Cent Spanish Fiction (3).

Selected readings and discussion of the fiction written after the Spanish Civil War. The course attempts to portray the scars of the war and give the student insight into the great changes that have occurred in Spain since then. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 423 . 20th Century Span Drama & Poet (3).

Selected readings and discussion of the most prominent playwrights and poets of twentieth-century Spain. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 431 . Spanish-American Literature I (3).

Selected novels and short stories from the most prominent of contemporary SpanishAmerican writers. These readings and discussion will attempt to give the student insight into the diversity of the Americas. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 432 . 20th Cent Span-Am Drama & Poet (3).

Writings from selected poets and playwrights of this century that have had great impact in the Spanish-speaking world. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 440 . Special Topics in Spanish (3).

A selection of courses to provide an opportunity for study of certain specific periods, themes, genres, authors or linguistic topics offered in accordance with current student and faculty interest. Prerequisite: SPN 302 or permission of the chair.

SPN 450 . Spanish Women Writers (3).

In this course students will explore different aspects related to the literary expression and construction of identity through the study of works by women writers both from Spain and Latin America who practice a variety of genres; autobiography, novel, short story and poetry. Through the analysis of these texts we will derive interdisciplinary discussions related to the construction of gender, sexuality and feminine creativity. We will examine not only the form and the content of the texts, but we will also contextualize the works in their historical, cultural and literary background. Through the use of secondary texts such as paintings, documentaries, musical compositions and film, the students will explore the different forms of art and disciplines that intersect with the texts and project the worldview of each period.

SPN 490 . Spanish Internship (1-3).

Participation in a field learning experience closely related to one of the areas of Spanish. The student intern will report as required to the faculty member assigned to supervise this field experience and is expected to evaluate the experience and relate it to his or her academic program. Three hours of field work per week will be required to generate one credit.

SPN 491 . Spanish Internship (1-3).

Participation in a field learning experience closely related to one of the areas of Spanish. The student intern will report as required to the faculty member assigned to supervise this field experience and is expected to evaluate the experience and relate it to his or her academic program. Three hours of field work per week will be required to generate one credit.

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