History

Chair: Bruce A. Erickson
Professor(s): Douglas R. Egerton, Edward H. Judge, John W. Langdon, Robert E. Scully, S.J.
Associate Professor(s): Holly A. Rine, Yamin Xu, Robert W. Zens
Assistant Professor(s): Elliott Bowen, Leigh Fought, Godriver Odhiambo
Professor Emeritus: Carolyn T. Bashaw, Barbara J. Blaszak, William Bosch, S.J., Mark Jackson, William J. Telesca
Visiting Assistant Professor(s): Joshua P. Canale
Adjunct(s): William S. Dolan, S.J., Joseph Guiffrida, Thomas Magnarelli, David M. Roache, Todd Sundell


Those who wish to evaluate the complex and challenging issues of the present must seek the perspective conferred by a sound and critical knowledge of the past. History imparts this knowledge, thereby helping the student to understand contemporary affairs and to analyze and evaluate evidence. History also forms part of the foundation of a liberal education by providing essential background for the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences and pre-professional disciplines.

For its majors, the history department offers a broad program of courses designed to discipline and develop the mind. When combined with appropriate courses in other fields, this program prepares history majors for careers in law, government service, management and administration, library science, education and journalism. A departmental honors program offers special opportunities for independent work to advanced students.

For history majors who wish to become certified teachers, the department also offers special programs which incorporate courses in education.

History Major

Core RequirementsHours
COR 100 First Year Seminar3
WRT 101 Critical Writing3
PHL 110 Introduction to Philosophy3
HST 110 - HST 111 World Civilization6
ENG 210 Major Authors3
PHL 210 Moral Philosophy3
Theology3
EAC Encountering Another Culture/Language6
ENG 310 Literature and Culture3
Mathematics*3
Social Science*3
Natural Science*3
IDS Interdisciplinary Studies*3
Religion3
COR 400 Transformations3
Visual & Performing Arts*1
Diversity*0

* NOTE: Some Core requirements may be fulfilled by major requirements. See core section for more information. Because there have been substantial changes to the core curriculum, the above requirements may not apply to all students; for students who entered Le Moyne College prior to Fall 2013, be sure to consult with your advisor for appropriate course selection(s).

History Major

Major RequirementsHours
History Electives (4)18
History of Religion (3)3
HST 110 and HST 111 6
HST 211 American History Survey I 3
HST 212 American History Survey II 3
HST 301 Methods of Historical Research 3
HST 302 Historical Research and Writing 3
Major SupportHours
Foreign Language (1)12+
Social Science (5)3
Free Electives 30
For Those Seeking NYS Teacher CertificationHours
Foreign Language 6
Free Electives (fulfilled by education requirements) (2)
PSC 101 American National Politics 3
MTH Elective 3
ECO 113 Principles of Microeconomics or ECO 114 Principles of Macroeconomics3

(1) History majors who plan to become certified teachers must take six credits of the same foreign language. All other history majors must complete the intermediate level of a foreign language. Students who complete intermediate level in under 12 credit hours may substitute history electives for the remaining hours of their foreign language requirement. Students intending to pursue a Ph.D. in history should take 18 hours of a foreign language.

(2) Please refer to the education section for details.

(3) For a list of HST and REL courses that qualify, please see the department chair.

(4) A history elective may be any HST course numbered 300 or above that is not also used by the student to fulfill another requirement. History majors are strongly advised to take at least two electives that deal primarily with non-Western (Asian, African, Islamic, Latin American, and/or American Indian) history.

(5) For the purposes of the history major, courses in anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology (but not education) may count as social sciences.

Typical Program for History Major

First SemesterHoursSecond SemesterHours
Freshman Year
WRT 1013 Natural Science3
Social Science3 Social Science3
EAC3 EAC3
HST 1103 HST 1113
PHL 1103 HST Elective3
Sophomore Year
ENG 2103 HST 3013
PHL 201/REL 2003 PHL 201/REL 2003
EAC3 EAC3
HST Elective3 HST Elective3
HST 2113 HST 2123
Junior Year
REL/PHL3 REL/PHL3
ENG 3103 HST 3023
HST Elective3 Elective3
Elective3 Elective3
Elective3 Elective3
Senior Year
HST Elective3 History of Religion3
Elective3 HST Elective3
Elective3 COR 400A3
Elective3 Elective3
Elective3

Double Major in History & Political Science

Core RequirementsHours
COR 100 First Year Seminar3
WRT 101 Critical Writing3
PHL 110 Introduction to Philosophy3
HST 110 - HST 111 World Civilization6
ENG 210 Major Authors3
PHL 210 Moral Philosophy3
Theology3
EAC Encountering Another Culture/Language6
ENG 310 Literature and Culture3
Mathematics*3
Social Science*3
Natural Science*3
IDS Interdisciplinary Studies*3
Religion3
COR 400 Transformations3
Visual & Performing Arts*1
Diversity*0

* NOTE: Some Core requirements may be fulfilled by major requirements. See core section for more information. Because there have been substantial changes to the core curriculum, the above requirements may not apply to all students; for students who entered Le Moyne College prior to Fall 2013, be sure to consult with your advisor for appropriate course selection(s).

Double Major in History & Political Science - Default

Major RequirementsHours
HST 211 American History Survey I 3
HST 212 American History Survey II 3
HST 301 Methods of Historical Research 3
HST 302 Historical Research and Writing 3
HST Electives 18
PSC 101 American National Politics 3
PSC 201 The Scope of Political Science 3
PSC 202 Methods of Political Science 3
PSC Electives 21
PSC Service Learning 2
Major SupportHours
MTH 111 Introduction to Statistics I (with Computer Lab) 4
Foreign Language (must be taken in the same language) 6
Social Science courses (other than PSC) 6
Free Electives (depends on how many cross-listed HST/PSC courses are taken)3-9

Note: Two cross-listed HST/PSC courses may be double-counted for both the HST and PSC major requirement credits.

History Minor

To obtain a minor in history a student must complete at least 18 hours of history, exclusive of advanced placement credits. Of this total, a minimum of six hours must be taken in each of two of the following areas: American, European or non-Western. The pass/fail option may not be used to fulfill requirements for a minor.

Internship Program (HST 490)

The history department offers a wide variety of internships with such organizations as the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, the United States Senate, the New York State Assembly, the Erie Canal Museum, the National Women’s Hall of Fame and Sainte Marie Among the Iroquois living history museum. These internships integrate classroom learning with practical work experiences in non-academic settings; they sometimes lead to offers of employment following graduation.

Five-Year B.A./M.S.T. Program

Bachelor of Arts in History and Master of Science for Teachers in Adolescent Education

The history and education departments at Le Moyne College are partnering to offer a specially designed program leading to a Bachelor of Arts in History and a Masters of Science in Teaching, and initial New York state teacher certification in five years of full-time study. For details see the chair of the history or education department.

Courses


HST 110 . World Civilization I (3).

This course surveys the most important developments, issues, accomplishments and problems of World civilizations, provides an introduction to the study of African, Asian, European, Islamic, Native American, and Latin American civilizations, and discusses the relationships among these civilizations to the eighteenth century.

HST 110L . Learning Strategies Lab (1).

The learning strategies course is designed to develop active learning skills and to provide supplemental instruction for the HST 110/111 course. The overall goals of the course are to teach students how to organize their approach to acquiring knowledge and to approach studying as an active thinking process. Students will learn how to apply the learning strategies within the context of the history course content. Emphasis will be placed on applying learning theory to the mastery of course content and on helping students to identify their own personal learning style. Corequisite: HST 110. Preference given to students participating in the curricular learning community.

HST 111 . World Civilization II (3).

This course surveys the most important developments, issues, accomplishments and problems of World civilizations since the eighteenth century and examines the development of African, Asian, European, Islamic, Native American and Latin American civilizations since the eighteenth century. A research paper is required of all students.

HST 111L . Learning Strategies Lab (1).

The learning strategies course is designed to develop active learning skills and to provide supplemental instruction for the HST 110/111 course. The overall goals of the course are to teach students how to organize their approach to acquiring knowledge and to approach studying as an active thinking process. Students will learn how to apply the learning strategies within the context of the history course content. Emphasis will be placed on applying learning theory to the mastery of course content and on helping students to identify their own personal learning style. Corequisite: HST 111. Preference given to students participating in the curricular learning community.

HST 211 . American History Survey I (3).

Development of the United States from colonial times to the Civil War (first semester). Aftermath of the Civil War to the 1970s (second semester). HST 211 is offered every fall and HST 212 every spring.

HST 212 . American History Survey II (3).

Development of the United States from colonial times to the Civil War (first semester). Aftermath of the Civil War to the 1970s (second semester). HST 211 is offered every fall and HST 212 every spring.

HST 270-289 . Special Topics in History (3).

A selection of courses designed to provide an opportunity for advanced study of certain specific historical periods or themes, offered in accordance with current student and faculty interest. Selections may include, but are not limited to, Democracy, Property and Revolution, History of Public Health, Alcohol and Alcoholism in American History, African-American History Since 1865 and other such courses.

HST 301 . Methods of Historical Research (3).

A detailed analysis of historical methodology and techniques of research, required of all history majors. The course will provide training in analytical reading, evaluation of evidence, interpretation of quantitative data, methods of avoiding historical fallacies and the selection of a mentor and topic for HST 302. Prerequisites: HST 101/102 or HST 103/104 or their equivalents, HST 211 or its equivalent, and at least one 300-level HST elective.

HST 302 . Historical Research and Writing (3).

A major research project done in seminar and private study under an instructor's direction. Required of all history majors. Prerequisite: HST 301.

HST 303 . Medieval Europe (3).

Concentrates on medieval developments that influenced Western culture and civilization in modern era. The categories of government, economics, religion and culture will be examined through the specific historical circumstances of medieval monarchy, feudalism, the papacy, monastic spirituality, the university and the arts. Emphasis will be on the appreciation of movements and events that have a unique identification with the spectacular achievements of Western civilization in modem history.

HST 309 . Tudor-Stuart Britain and Ireland (3).

This course is designed to introduce student to the "New British History," which emphasizes the importance and interactions of all four nations of the "British Isles," namely: England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. We will examine the economic and social, political and military, religious and cultural history of these four nations during the Tudor and Stuart periods, approximately 1485 to 1714. Among other areas of interest, we will discuss the impact of the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the age of overseas exploration and settlement, as well as the various attempts of the dominant nation--England--to exert control over its Celtic neighbors, and their various responses.

HST 310 . Race and Reconstruction in America (3).

Taking as a starting point the historical period, 1864-1901, designated as the Reconstruction era in the United States, this course will explore the effect of the Civil War and efforts to rebuild the shattered republic while forging a more egalitarian Union. We will also explore the legacies of both the War and of Reconstruction, and their affect upon our understanding of race in the South and in the country as a whole. As we explore the events, debates, politics, and personalities that mark this period, we will also draw upon the imaginative works of authors ranging from Frederick Douglass, Mark Twain, and W.E.B. Du Bois to Stephen Crane, Frances Harper, and Louisa May Alcott. As the country contends with the political and cultural fallout that attends African American citizenship, these writers will represent race sometimes as a "problem" for the country and sometimes as a source of power and pride. Finally, we will discuss the extent to which we are still, in twenty-first century America, engaged in acts of Reconstruction.

HST 314 . Age of Renaissance/Reformation (3).

A survey of European history between the 14th and 17th centuries, the course examines the political situation in Western Europe, with special emphasis on the unique cultural achievements of the Renaissance and on the religious dimensions of the Reformation.

HST 315 (ECO 315). Econ Hist U.S. 1860-1960 (3).

This course traces the development of the American economy, especially the impact of the two World Wars and the Great Depression and the long run trajectory of economic growth and inequality. Basic economic theory is used to understand those events and changes and the evolution of industrial policy, capital markets, and fiscal and monetary policy and the causes and consequences of the rise of big business and big government, technological change, and education policy. No prerequisites.

HST 316 (LGS 316). History of American Law (3).

This course will weave together the history of legal and constitutional thought with the history of law's part in social and political change and in everyday life. It will consider a wide variety of texts and events but will concentrate on: colonial antecedents; revolution and constitution making; the golden age of American law; courts and the rise of industrial capitalism; Black slavery and freedom; achievements and limits of liberal legal reform; the experience of women's labor and civil rights movements; and legal realism and the rise of the administrative state.

HST 319 . United States Colonial History (3).

This course will examine the social, cultural, economic and political consequences of European colonization of North America from 1492 to 1763. Placed within the context of the greater Atlantic World, it will emphasize the interactions of competing European cultures with one another as well as with Native Americans and Africans. In addition to the struggles between European powers for imperial control of North America, we will explore themes and events such as the development of race-based slavery, the "Columbian exchange", expansion, Native Amercian resistance, ethnic diversity, the Great Awakening, and the Enlightment.

HST 321 . Amer Revol/Republic 1763-1800 (3).

A survey of the history of the United States from the Peace of Paris of 1763 through the election of 1800. The course will focus on such topics as the causes of the Revolution, its impact on women, blacks and Native Americans, social protest, diplomacy with Britain and France, the rise of the first party system, and early national society and culture. Readings, research and discussion.

HST 322 (EDG 768). Antebellum America, 1800-1848 (3).

A survey of society and culture from the Jeffersonian era through the Mexican War. The course will examine the causes of the War of 1812, the rise of the industrial order and the cotton kingdom, slave resistance, the changing American family and the nature of Jacksonian democracy and reform. Readings, research and discussion.

HST 323 (EDG 766). Civil War and Reconstruction (3).

Examines the causes of the conflict and the impact of the war on civilian populations, women and African-Americans. The course will also focus on diplomacy, civil liberties, the rise of the third party system, the crucial battles and the failure of Reconstruction. Readings, research and discussion.

HST 329 (PSC 329/PGS 329/GWS 329). History of Latin Amer Social Movements (3).

Will examine peaceful Latin American social change movements in historical and global context. The civil components of violent revolutions will be examined along with peaceful social movements that confronted ruthless dictatorships across Latin America, energizing democracy and expanding ethnic rights. The course will look at how these movements re-defined gender roles and placed the economic and environmentals concerns of the poor in the international spotlight.

HST 330 . The Modern South, 1865 - 2000 (3).

A consideration of the South from Reconstruction through the Presidential Election of 2000. Major topics include regional distinctiveness, Reconstruction, the New South, the South and the Great Depression, economic growth and World WarII, the South and Cold War, the modern civil rights movement, economic diversification in the Post World War II era, cultural contributions of the region, the Goldwater Revolution of 1964, dominance of Evangelical Protestantism, development of the Sun Belt and growth of the suburbs, and increased ethnic and racial diversity at the dawn of the twenty-first century.

HST 331 . From Civil War Through Civil Rights: African American History Since 1865 (3).

This course surveys the thoughts, ideas, and actions of African Americans from emancipation through the long Civil Rights movement to the present. It focuses on major African American figures, the Era of Reconstruction, the rise of Jim Crow, the Great Migration and development of urban black communities, social protest movement through the 1940s, the civil rights movement and black power movements of the 1960s and 1970s, and racial issues through the election of Barack Obama as the first black president. Race, class, and gender are important elements of this course, as well as African American literature, film and music.

HST 341 . Native American History to 1890 (3).

Native American History to 1890 begins with the premise that American Indians were active participants in the creation of their own history and not merely victims of disease, oppression and societal change brought to North America by Europeans. This course is designed to explore the changing world of American Indians from the pre-Columbian period through Wounded Knee in 1890. We will be studying topics common in American history through the 19th century such as colonialism, the American Revolution, the New Republic, the Civil War, and the settling of the West. We will be looking at these events with the focus being on how Native Americans both actively participated in and were affected by them. The goal in this approach is to understand the complex nature of European/ Indian interactions as well as to gain an understanding of the rich and diverse Indian cultures present in North America from 1492 to 1890.

HST 342 . Slavery & Emancipation in Atlantic World (3).

This course examines the rise and fall of slave labor in the Atlantic world, from the European peasant revolts of the 14th century through the abolition of unfree labor in Brazil in 1888. The course will emphasize the varieties of slave labor across space and time, as well as gender roles within slave societies. It will also investigate the impact of urbanization and connections to larger market economies on slavery, and particularly slave resistance and rebelliousness. Readings, research, and discussion.

HST 343 (REL 371). History and Spirituality of the Jesuits (3).

This course will acquaint students with the history and the distinctive, world-engaging spirituality of the Society of Jesus. In addition to presenting a chronological overview of Jesuit history, it will also examine the central themes of the Spiritual Exercises and the missionary strategies and philosophy of education of the Jesuits.

HST 344 (PSC 312/GWS 312). Women and Politics (3).

The goal of this course is to make women visible and their voices audible in the study of American politics. "Politics" is broadly construed to include the politics of everyday life as well as that of national institutions. While gender politics is stressed, we will also study how race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, religion, disability and age affect a person's place and role in American society, culture and politics. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV.

HST 346 . History of Appalachia (3).

This course surveys the history of Appalachia from the earliest Indian settlers through the twentieth century. Topics examined include Indian settlement; European immigration; Appalachia and the new nation; Appalachia, slavery, and the U.S. Civil War; the unique character of the region; industrialization and worker response; racial, ethnic, and religious diversity; the post-World War II economic boom; folk culture and tourism; the War on Poverty; and Appalachia on the eve of the twenty-first century.

HST 350 (PGS 350). State and Faith in the Middle East (3).

This course will examine how states used religion as a means of legitimacy and law as well as staged a desperate battle against religious forces from the Ottoman period until the present day. Islam will be the focus of the course, as a variety of fundamentalist/revivalist movements, the politicalization of religion, and secularization efforts are examined throughout the Middle East. In addition, the role of Judaism and Christianity will be discussed in regards to the establishment and present situation of Israel and Labanon.

HST 356 . Great War/Global Revolutions 1900-1920 (3).

This course provides an in-depth global approach to the history of the world in the early 20th century, with special emphasis on theimpact of western imperialism, the causes, conduct and consequences of the Great War of 1914-1918, and the revolutions that occurred during this era in China, Russia, Germany, Ireland, eastern Europe and Mexico.

HST 357 . Age of Anxiety & Global War 1920-1945 (3).

This course provides an in-depth global approach to the history of the world from 1920 to 1945, with special emphasis on the cultural & political anxieties of the 1920's;the global impact of the Great Depression;the growth & influence of racism, Nationalism, Communisum, Fascism, Militarism & Natzism; and the causes, conduct & consequences of World War II and the Holocaust.

HST 358 (PGS 358). The Cold War & Global Confrontration 1945-1964 (3).

An intensive study of superpower confrontations and conflicts from 1945 through 1964. Soviet and American attitudes and ideologies, the roots and origins of the Cold War, the nuclear arms race, crises and clashes in Europe and the Third World, social and cultural impacts.

HST 359 (PGS 369/PSC 359). Cold War & Global Upheaval,1964-Present (3).

An intensive study of the later years of the Cold War and the post-Cold War period. Continued Soviet and American rivalry combined with efforts to control the nuclear arms race, Third World "proxy wars" such as Vietnam and Afghanistan, the collapse of the Iron Curtain and end of the Soviet Union, global adjustments to the development of a unipolar world, the rise of terrorism and jihadist tendencies, social and cultural impacts.

HST 361 . Russian History (3).

A survey of Russian history from ancient times through the present including Kievan Rus, the Mongol Yoke, the Rise of Moscow, Imperial Russia, the Soviet era, and post-Soviet Russia. Emphasis will be placed on social, cultural and religious developments, as well as on the political history of the Russian state.

HST 363 . Russian History Since 1900 (3).

An in-depth study of modern Russian history from the reign of Tsar Nicholas II (1894-1917) to the present. Topics covered include the Russian Revolutions, the careers of Lenin and Stalin, the foreign and domestic policies of the USSR, the two World Wars and the Cold War, Soviet culture and society, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and developments in post-Soviet Russia.

HST 365 . U.S. Women's History, From the Colonial Era to the Present (3).

This course studies the roles and experiences of women in american history, society, and culture, including women's roles in the family, work, education, health, religion, political reform, and social change from the colonial era to the present. This course will include discussions of the difference between sex and gender, and the intersection of race, class, gender, and sexuality in the lives of women.

HST 371 . East Asia to 1600 (3).

This course will introduce to students the history of East Asia from its Neolithic origins to 1600. It will examine the foundations of main East Asian nations, the important features of the classical East Asian civilization and further developments of East Asian cultures and societies prior to the arrival of the Westerners. Important East Asian classics, religious and ritual practices, such as Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, and Buddhism, will also be introduced. Other topics to be studied include relations between East Asia and its nomadic neighbors, different political systems, literate and martial traditions, popular cultures, important technological innovations, commercial and urban developments, peasant revolts, local societies, gender relations, Christian missionaries and the early contacts with the West.

HST 375 (PSC 407/PGS 407). Southern African Politics (3).

A study of political problems and dynamics in the region of Southern Africa. Focus is on the domestic politics of the Republic of South Africa, relations among the black-ruled states and between the blackruled states and South Africa, the role of external powers in the region and the conflict potential of contemporary problems.

HST 377 . Early Islamic History, 600-1300 (3).

Beginning in Late Antiquity, this course follows the emergence of Islam as a religion and its influence on cultural practice; the formation of the first Islamic dynasties; the articulation of an Arab-Islamic high literary culture and the evolving role of women in Islam. The course will examine the complex relationships between different Middle Eastern ethnic and religious groups and conclude with an investigation of the impact of the Crusades.

HST 378 . Empires of Islam, 1300-1922 (3).

This course traces the formation of the three great Islamic empires of the early modern era: the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East and Europe, the Safavid in Iran, and the Mughal in India. The political culture of each empire was shaped by the use of gunpowder, and all shared a common court culture based on the Persian language. Ottoman expansion in the Arab Middle East: the relationship between the Islamic-Turkic elite of each empire and their non-Muslim, primarily, Christian and Hindu subjects; and the reproductive politics of the imperial harem will be among the issues addressed

HST 379 (PGS 379). Modern Middle East Hist, 1792- Present (3).

The last two hundred years have been a period of profound and often troubling change for the people of the Middle East. In this period, modern technology, rapid forms of travel and communication and new ideas and concepts challenged for many the certainties of religion, family, gender, and class. A fundamental feature of these two centuries has been the growing role of Europe and Europeans in the lives of the inhabitants of the Middle East. Imperialism, colonialism and nationalism set in motion a series of events that transformed the region from a place where two great empires, the Ottoman and Qajar held sway, into a dozen independent states like Turkey, Egypt, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Iran. This course uses the words, art, literature and thought of local people to understand the way these changes interacted with the intellectual, social and cultural dimensions of Middle Eastern life.

HST 383 . History of Africa, C. 1400-1870 (3).

Africa has often been described by Westerners as a continent cut off from the rest of the world. In this history of Africa prior to European colonization, we will challenge the perception of Africa as an isolated continent, by exploring its varied interactions with the world around it. During this course, we will evaluate Africa's role in world trading systems and its engagement with the world religions of Islam and Christianity. In so doing, we will focus our attention on the multiple dynamic systems of trade, government, and religion that existed within Africa. We will attempt to understand the interaction between Africa and the world, not only through the eyes of the outsiders who arrived, but especially through the eyes of the Africans who hosted them. We will also learn about Africans' changing interactions with one another inside the continent during this new era of extraversion.

HST 384 . Africa During Long 20th Cent:1870-1994 (3).

1870 marks the beginnings of the West's systematic dominance of Sub-Saharan Africa through colonization. The colonial encounter transformed both Africa and the West, as Africans fought to survive under a foreign administration, and Europeans struggled to uphold their hegemony and explain Africa to their compatriots "back home." As we familiarize ourselves with portions of Africa's history of late-19th century to the present, we will remain conscioius of the ways in which Africa has been portrayed in the West throughout the years. We will also seek out the ways in which Africans and people of African descent portrayed themselves. In so doing, we will pay particular attention to the post world-war II ideologies that surfaced throughout Africa and its diaspora and the political, cultural, and philosophical writings that emerged in conjunction with nationalist movements.

HST 388 (PGS 388). Coca, Culture & Politics in Latin Amer (3).

Coca has been closely connected to religion and culture in Andean South America for millennia. The plant was both cultivated and controlled by the Inca and Spanish empires. Today, peasant coca growers are part of new Latin American political movements. Global demand for the drug cocaine, made from coca, finances insurgencies, civil wars, and criminal violence in Latin America. The United States and international bodies prosecute a "War on Drugs" that targets peasant growers and traditional use as much as it does criminal organizations. This course explores the local culture and international relations of coca and cocaine. It focuses on the Latin Americans who produce and consume coca and are victimized by the violence of both the drug trade and suppression efforts.

HST 389 (PGS 389/PSC 389). Opium, Empire and State in Asia (3).

Opium is an ancient medicine that became a mainstay for European traders in Asia and the keystone of their imperial economies. After opium opened Asian states to European influence it was established as an economic necessity for multi-national empires, emerging states, and insurgencies alike. This course looks at the political, economic, and social relations of opium in Asia and the world. It examines the connections between local production and global trade in the politics of native cultures, national governments, and international relations. At the end of the semester students will be able to look at today's headlines and understand their historical roots as well their future implications. Fulfills Core: IDS.

HST 390 . Independent Study (1-6).

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the academic dean's office.

HST 400-420 . Seminars in History (3).

A selection of seminars designed to enhance students’ understanding and appreciation of cultural diversity, to provide them with a bridge between their previous educational experience and the world after graduation and to help them improve their research, writing and speaking skills. Each seminar will focus either on a non-Western civilization or on a submerged group within Western civilization. Course selection will include topics such as African-American history, the history of American women, Latin American history and East Asian history.

HST 401 . Seminar: African-America to 1877 (3).

This course studies the history and culture of African-Americans from colonial times through Reconstruction, with emphasis on their social, cultural and religious experiences. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 403 (PGS 401). Seminar: Mexico (3).

This course provides a detailed study of Mexico from pre-Columbian times to the present day. Themes include Maya and Aztec civilizations, the Spanish conquest, Mexico under Spanish colonial rule, the independence movements of 1810-1823, the era of the Great Reforms, the Mexican Revolution of 1910, and political, social and economic developments in contemporary Mexico. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 404 (GWS 407). Seminar: Medieval & Renaissance Women (3).

This course will explore the roles and perceptions of women in the medieval and early modern periods in Europe (300-1500). We will also consider the role of gender in history and examine how women saw themselves as wives, mothers, workers and spiritual and sexual beings. Open to seniors only. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 406 (PGS 406). Seminar: Modern East Asia (3).

This course studies the history of China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with emphasis on their customs and cultures and the impact on them of modernization, imperialism, revolution and war. A seminar project and oral report are required of all students. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement. Fulfills Core requirement: DIV.

HST 409 (PGS 413). Hst & Memory in Palestin-Israel Conflict (3).

This seminar explores the Palestinian-Israeli conflict through the lens of the linked concepts of history and memory. It uses as well, the rich literature generated by the conflict to explore the connections between historiography, commemoration, museology, archaeology and power; it takes a multidisciplinary approach to an understanding of how the history of the region has been written and how the past is made to live in the lives of contemporary Palestinians and Israelis. Likewise, it interrogates how history and memory are inscribed on national and diasporan identity and problematizes phenomena like "collective memory" "transgenerational trauma" and "national history." Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 413 . Seminar: Native Amer Approach to History (3).

The Senior Seminar in Native American approaches to history is designed to explore the history of North American and American Indians primarily from a Native American perspective. We will study various Native American approaches to recording their history such as oral tradition, wampum belts, and winter counts. We will also read works from Native American historians, anthropologists, activists and novelists in order to gain a greater understanding and appreciation for both Native American history and Native American approaches to historical study. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 417 (PGS 417/PSC 417). Seminar: African History (3).

This course introduces students to the development of African historiography. Students will interpret, analyze and critique different methodologies and have the opportunity to pursue their own specific research interests. In addition, this course will also examine the importance of the African oral tradition, European and Arabic travel literature, archeology and anthropology in the intellectual construction of Africa. This course is designed for upper-level history majors and other interested students and will fulfill the requirements of the senior core. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 418 . Seminar: Sovereignty and Islam (3).

This course will examine sovereignty--political thought and governance--in the Indo-Islamic world, from the time of the Prophet Muhammad to the great gunpowder empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals. The foundations of Muslim society and empire, their political institutions, and representations of power will be discussed. Throughout the course students will analyze primary and secondary sources which will be discussed in class as well as incorporated into their final paper. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 419 . Seminar: the World Since 1945 (3).

This seminar provides a global approach to recent world history with a focus on social, cultural, political, and economic developments in the non-Western world. Seminar projects will provide students with an opportunity for in-depth study of specific issues and developments in Latin American, Asian, African, or Middle Eastern societies since 1945. Not open to students who have taken HST 358 or HST 359. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 425 . Sem: Multicultural Approach to World Hst (3).

This seminar provides a multicultural approach to the study of world history, focusing on connections among African, Asian, Islamic, Native American, Latin American, and European/Western cultures. It is designed to improve students' understanding of diverse world cultures and the connections among them. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 427 . Latin America 1492-1825 (3).

This is an introduction to Latin American under Spanish and Portuguese rule that places the region in global context. It looks at the development of Latin American society and explains the roots of modern Latin American nations and cultures. The course begins with indigenous cultures and adds migrants, free and slave. It ends with the independence movements that created modern Latin American nations.Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 428 (PGS 428). Seminar: Latin America Since 1825 (3).

A study of the nations of Latin America from the independence period to the present. Chief emphasis on Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico: their struggle for political and economic stability, their progressive urbanization and modernization and their relations with each other and with the United States. The Cuban and Nicaraguan revolutions and the policy of the United States toward Central America are also covered. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 429 . World History of Medicine (Sr. Seminar) (3).

This senior seminar in History focuses on how society and culture have shaped the experience of the human body, health, illness, and cure over the long span of human history. Readings and discussions will introduce perspectives on the body from the various classical medical traditions of Europe, China, India, and Southeast Asia in addition to contemporary biomedicine, within a comparative and historical framework. We will especially emphasize occasions of encounter between these medical systems, when what was considered natural and self-evident by one group of people was challenged by crosscultural contact. Discussions in this class will challenge students to question their preconceptions and assumptions about medicine in light of these crosscultural and historical perspectives. Writing assignments will ask students to engage deeply with a particular facet of the history of medicine of interest to them. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 430 . Seminar: Mathematics & Civilizations (3).

The Greeks of Antiquity attributed their early notions of Mathematics to the Egyptians and Babylonians. Their own contributions were inherited by the Islamic civilization, together with the fruits of Indian Mathematics. The learning preserved and increased by the Arabs was slowly transmitted to Western Europe from 950 to 1500. The Mathematics developed in China and Pre-Columbian America was largely isolated from the mainstream of Mathematics. This course will analyze the impact of Mathematics on the development of these Civilizations , and of our own, particularly on the other sciences and on philosophy. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV, IDS. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 447 (ENG 447). Seduction&Betrayal in Ancient Med World (3).

What causes a person to be seduced, or lead astray, from proper conduct or from previously held principles? What does it mean to be betrayed? How do various forms of seduction and betrayal - personal, psychological, social, political - manifest themselves? How do individuals, families, and communities respond to and attempt to recover from seductions and betrayals? In this Seminar we will consider the personal, political, historical, and cultural implications of the above questions by examining Classical ancient texts and their continuing influence on the contemporary world. Beginning with a blood-soaked tale that features a victorious war hero who is seduced and betrayed by his adulterous wife, this Seminar will culminate in a multi-media investigation of the enigmatic figure of Cleopatra, the real-life historical ruler of Egypt, (in)famous for her seductive charms that captivated the Romans Caesar and Mark Antony. After her suicide, Cleopatra was reinvented while her corpse was practically still warm by the poet Horace, was later famously portrayed in Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra, and was yet again immortalized centuries later in Mankiewicz's 1963 extravagant blockbuster film. Looking at a range of sources, including ancient historical accounts and sculpture, Renaissance paintings, a modern comic book, and the recent HBO television series "Rome," we will interrogate the distinctions between fact and fiction and will explore the living legacy of the ancient Mediterranean world. Fulfills ENG/HST senior core requirement.

HST 490 . Internship (1-6).

Participation in a field learning experience closely related to one of the areas of history. The student intern will report as required to the internship coordinator and will be expected to evaluate the experience and relate it to his or her academic program. Three hours per week will be required to generate one credit. Pass/fail only. Prerequisite: 2.50 G.P.A. or better, 60 credits earned, permission of internship coordinator.

HST 495 . Honors Project (3).

To qualify for an honors degree in history, a student must be a declared history major, have a G.P.A. of at least 3.5 overall and 3.75 in history and must complete an honors project. The project will typically consist of a historical research paper, written under the direction of a history professor, department chair, and supplemented by a formal presentation, an audiovisual project or an oral defense. A preliminary thesis, outline and bibliography must be approved by the professor and department chair before the student may register. (Normally taken in first semester of senior year.)

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